Search Results for: PANDAS


“My child was fine last week, last month – and now I have lost her. This is not my child; what has happened??? What do I do??” For every parent of a child with an illness, especially a mental illness, there is a unique story of how and when the illness struck. But when you… Read more »

Differential Diagnosis of OCD or PANDAS/PANS

If you have a patient presenting with repetitive behaviors and chronic anxiety, it may be obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or it may be a subtype of OCD: Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus (PANDAS)/Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS). There are recognizable differences between these conditions: Pediatric OCD PANDAS/PANS  Age Typically see first onset between… Read more »

Signs & Symptoms of PANDAS/PANS

Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus (PANDAS) is the sudden, rapid-onset of obsessive compulsive behavior, as well as possible movement and behavioral abnormalities, following a Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Strep) infection. The condition is hypothesized to be the result of autoimmune antibodies mistakenly attacking an area of the brain, the basal ganglia, rather than… Read more »

New Research Investigates How PANDAS Affects the Brain, and How One Treatment May Work: Brain, Behavior, & Immunity

by Chris Pittenger, MD, PhD This work was funded in part by a 2015 IOCDF Research Grant to Luciana Frick with significant contributions from Kyle Williams.  This article was initially published in the Summer 2018 edition of the OCD Newsletter.  For most people with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), symptoms appear gradually over time. However, some children… Read more »

What Conditions Commonly Co-occur with Pediatric OCD?

When OCD begins in childhood, there is a higher likelihood of the child having other disorders as well, such as other anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (some children with autism have also been referred to as having Asperger’s disorder), eating disorders, and Tourette’s syndrome (or other tic disorders). It is… Read more »

For Pediatricians & Other Medical Professionals

What You Need to Know This section contains important information about clinical assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of OCD in children and adolescents, as well as PANDAS/PANS, a subtype of OCD characterized by a rapid onset of severe symptoms. Signs & Symptoms of Pediatric OCD Signs & Symptoms of PANDAS/PANS Differential Diagnosis Treatment IOCDF Resources From training and educational… Read more »

From the Experts

Below you will find links to more in-depth articles covering a wide range of topics related in OCD in Kids & Teens. The articles in this section were written by mental health professionals and researchers who are experts in pediatric OCD. We would like to thank all of our contributors to this excellent resource. Special… Read more »


Treating Pediatric OCD If you have a patient presenting with the symptoms listed here with a more gradual onset or in the absence of any active infection: Team up with an OCD specialist to help create a treatment plan. A licensed mental health professional will use effective and empirically validated therapies for OCD, such as… Read more »

Signs & Symptoms of Pediatric OCD

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by both obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are intrusive and unwanted thoughts, images, or urges that occur over and over again and feel outside of the child’s control. These obsessions are unpleasant for the child and typically cause a lot of worry, anxiety, and distress. Common obsessions may include: Worrying about germs, getting… Read more »